Using ISO three-letter language codes

This article provides the ISO 639-2 codes that publishers need when preparing metadata for titles being distributed via Snapplify.

This article is for CONTENT OWNERS. 📗📘📙

When compiling your metadata, you will need to include the ISO language code of the product. Below, you will find a complete list of three-letter codes, which you can use to indicate the language of your ebook(s).

🤔 ISO 639 is a standardised system used to classify languages. Each language is assigned a lowercase abbreviation.

 

ISO 639-2 Code

English name of language

aar

Afar

abk

Abkhazian

ace

Achinese

ach

Acoli

ada

Adangme

ady

Adyghe; Adygei

afa

Afro-Asiatic languages

afh

Afrihili

afr

Afrikaans

ain

Ainu

aka

Akan

akk

Akkadian

sqi (T)

Albanian

ale

Aleut

alg

Algonquian languages

alt

Southern Altai

amh

Amharic

ang

English, Old (ca.450-1100)

anp

Angika

apa

Apache languages

ara

Arabic

arc

Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE); Imperial Aramaic (700-300 BCE)

arg

Aragonese

hye (T)

Armenian

arn

Mapudungun; Mapuche

arp

Arapaho

art

Artificial languages

arw

Arawak

asm

Assamese

ast

Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese

ath

Athapascan languages

aus

Australian languages

ava

Avaric

ave

Avestan

awa

Awadhi

aym

Aymara

aze

Azerbaijani

bad

Banda languages

bai

Bamileke languages

bak

Bashkir

bal

Baluchi

bam

Bambara

ban

Balinese

eus (T)

Basque

bas

Basa

bat

Baltic languages

bej

Beja; Bedawiyet

bel

Belarusian

bem

Bemba

ben

Bengali

ber

Berber languages

bho

Bhojpuri

bih

Bihari languages

bik

Bikol

bin

Bini; Edo

bis

Bislama

bla

Siksika

bnt

Bantu languages

bod (T)

Tibetan

bos

Bosnian

bra

Braj

bre

Breton

btk

Batak languages

bua

Buriat

bug

Buginese

bul

Bulgarian

mya (T)

Burmese

byn

Blin; Bilin

cad

Caddo

cai

Central American Indian languages

car

Galibi Carib

cat

Catalan; Valencian

cau

Caucasian languages

ceb

Cebuano

cel

Celtic languages

ces (T)

Czech

cha

Chamorro

chb

Chibcha

che

Chechen

chg

Chagatai

chi (B)

 

zho (T)

Chinese

chk

Chuukese

chm

Mari

chn

Chinook jargon

cho

Choctaw

chp

Chipewyan; Dene Suline

chr

Cherokee

chu

Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic

chv

Chuvash

chy

Cheyenne

cmc

Chamic languages

cop

Coptic

cor

Cornish

cos

Corsican

cpe

Creoles and pidgins, English based

cpf

Creoles and pidgins, French-based

cpp

Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based

cre

Cree

crh

Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish

crp

Creoles and pidgins

csb

Kashubian

cus

Cushitic languages

wel (B)

 

cym (T)

Welsh

cze (B)

 

ces (T)

Czech

dak

Dakota

dan

Danish

dar

Dargwa

day

Land Dayak languages

del

Delaware

den

Slave (Athapascan)

ger (B)

 

deu (T)

German

dgr

Dogrib

din

Dinka

div

Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian

doi

Dogri

dra

Dravidian languages

dsb

Lower Sorbian

dua

Duala

dum

Dutch, Middle (ca.1050-1350)

dut (B)

 

nld (T)

Dutch; Flemish

dyu

Dyula

dzo

Dzongkha

efi

Efik

egy

Egyptian (Ancient)

eka

Ekajuk

gre (B)

 

ell (T)

Greek, Modern (1453-)

elx

Elamite

eng

English

enm

English, Middle (1100-1500)

epo

Esperanto

est

Estonian

baq (B)

 

eus (T)

Basque

ewe

Ewe

ewo

Ewondo

fan

Fang

fao

Faroese

per (B)

 

fas (T)

Persian

fat

Fanti

fij

Fijian

fil

Filipino; Pilipino

fin

Finnish

fiu

Finno-Ugrian languages

fon

Fon

fre (B)

 

fra (T)

French

fre (B)

 

fra (T)

French

frm

French, Middle (ca.1400-1600)

fro

French, Old (842-ca.1400)

frr

Northern Frisian

frs

Eastern Frisian

fry

Western Frisian

ful

Fulah

fur

Friulian

gaa

Ga

gay

Gayo

gba

Gbaya

gem

Germanic languages

geo (B)

 

kat (T)

Georgian

ger (B)

 

deu (T)

German

gez

Geez

gil

Gilbertese

gla

Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic

gle

Irish

glg

Galician

glv

Manx

gmh

German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500)

goh

German, Old High (ca.750-1050)

gon

Gondi

gor

Gorontalo

got

Gothic

grb

Grebo

grc

Greek, Ancient (to 1453)

gre (B)

 

ell (T)

Greek, Modern (1453-)

grn

Guarani

gsw

Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian

guj

Gujarati

gwi

Gwich'in

hai

Haida

hat

Haitian; Haitian Creole

hau

Hausa

haw

Hawaiian

heb

Hebrew

her

Herero

hil

Hiligaynon

him

Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages

hin

Hindi

hit

Hittite

hmn

Hmong; Mong

hmo

Hiri Motu

hrv

Croatian

hsb

Upper Sorbian

hun

Hungarian

hup

Hupa

arm (B)

 

hye (T)

Armenian

iba

Iban

ibo

Igbo

ice (B)

 

isl (T)

Icelandic

ido

Ido

iii

Sichuan Yi; Nuosu

ijo

Ijo languages

iku

Inuktitut

ile

Interlingue; Occidental

ilo

Iloko

ina

Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association)

inc

Indic languages

ind

Indonesian

ine

Indo-European languages

inh

Ingush

ipk

Inupiaq

ira

Iranian languages

iro

Iroquoian languages

ice (B)

 

isl (T)

Icelandic

ita

Italian

jav

Javanese

jbo

Lojban

jpn

Japanese

jpr

Judeo-Persian

jrb

Judeo-Arabic

kaa

Kara-Kalpak

kab

Kabyle

kac

Kachin; Jingpho

kal

Kalaallisut; Greenlandic

kam

Kamba

kan

Kannada

kar

Karen languages

kas

Kashmiri

geo (B)

 

kat (T)

Georgian

kau

Kanuri

kaw

Kawi

kaz

Kazakh

kbd

Kabardian

kha

Khasi

khi

Khoisan languages

khm

Central Khmer

kho

Khotanese; Sakan

kik

Kikuyu; Gikuyu

kin

Kinyarwanda

kir

Kirghiz; Kyrgyz

kmb

Kimbundu

kok

Konkani

kom

Komi

kon

Kongo

kor

Korean

kos

Kosraean

kpe

Kpelle

krc

Karachay-Balkar

krl

Karelian

kro

Kru languages

kru

Kurukh

kua

Kuanyama; Kwanyama

kum

Kumyk

kur

Kurdish

kut

Kutenai

lad

Ladino

lah

Lahnda

lam

Lamba

lao

Lao

lat

Latin

lav

Latvian

lez

Lezghian

lim

Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish

lin

Lingala

lit

Lithuanian

lol

Mongo

loz

Lozi

ltz

Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch

lua

Luba-Lulua

lub

Luba-Katanga

lug

Ganda

lui

Luiseno

lun

Lunda

luo

Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)

lus

Lushai

mac (B)

 

mkd (T)

Macedonian

mad

Madurese

mag

Magahi

mah

Marshallese

mai

Maithili

mak

Makasar

mal

Malayalam

man

Mandingo

mao (B)

 

mri (T)

Maori

map

Austronesian languages

mar

Marathi

mas

Masai

may (B)

 

msa (T)

Malay

mdf

Moksha

mdr

Mandar

men

Mende

mga

Irish, Middle (900-1200)

mic

Mi'kmaq; Micmac

min

Minangkabau

mis

Uncoded languages

mac (B)

 

mkd (T)

Macedonian

mkh

Mon-Khmer languages

mlg

Malagasy

mlt

Maltese

mnc

Manchu

mni

Manipuri

mno

Manobo languages

moh

Mohawk

mon

Mongolian

mos

Mossi

mao (B)

 

mri (T)

Maori

may (B)

 

msa (T)

Malay

mul

Multiple languages

mun

Munda languages

mus

Creek

mwl

Mirandese

mwr

Marwari

bur (B)

 

mya (T)

Burmese

myn

Mayan languages

myv

Erzya

nah

Nahuatl languages

nai

North American Indian languages

nap

Neapolitan

nau

Nauru

nav

Navajo; Navaho

nbl

Ndebele, South; South Ndebele

nde

Ndebele, North; North Ndebele

ndo

Ndonga

nds

Low German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low

nep

Nepali

new

Nepal Bhasa; Newari

nia

Nias

nic

Niger-Kordofanian languages

niu

Niuean

dut (B)

 

nld (T)

Dutch; Flemish

nno

Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian

nob

Bokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål

nog

Nogai

non

Norse, Old

nor

Norwegian

nqo

N'Ko

nso

Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho

nub

Nubian languages

nwc

Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa

nya

Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja

nym

Nyamwezi

nyn

Nyankole

nyo

Nyoro

nzi

Nzima

oci

Occitan (post 1500)

oji

Ojibwa

ori

Oriya

orm

Oromo

osa

Osage

oss

Ossetian; Ossetic

ota

Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928)

oto

Otomian languages

paa

Papuan languages

pag

Pangasinan

pal

Pahlavi

pam

Pampanga; Kapampangan

pan

Panjabi; Punjabi

pap

Papiamento

pau

Palauan

peo

Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.)

per (B)

 

fas (T)

Persian

phi

Philippine languages

phn

Phoenician

pli

Pali

pol

Polish

pon

Pohnpeian

por

Portuguese

pra

Prakrit languages

pro

Provençal, Old (to 1500);Occitan, Old (to 1500)

pus

Pushto; Pashto

qaa-qtz

Reserved for local use

que

Quechua

raj

Rajasthani

rap

Rapanui

rar

Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori

roa

Romance languages

roh

Romansh

rom

Romany

rum (B)

 

ron (T)

Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan

rum (B)

 

ron (T)

Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan

run

Rundi

rup

Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian

rus

Russian

sad

Sandawe

sag

Sango

sah

Yakut

sai

South American Indian languages

sal

Salishan languages

sam

Samaritan Aramaic

san

Sanskrit

sas

Sasak

sat

Santali

scn

Sicilian

sco

Scots

sel

Selkup

sem

Semitic languages

sga

Irish, Old (to 900)

sgn

Sign Languages

shn

Shan

sid

Sidamo

sin

Sinhala; Sinhalese

sio

Siouan languages

sit

Sino-Tibetan languages

sla

Slavic languages

slo (B)

 

slk (T)

Slovak

slo (B)

 

slk (T)

Slovak

slv

Slovenian

sma

Southern Sami

sme

Northern Sami

smi

Sami languages

smj

Lule Sami

smn

Inari Sami

smo

Samoan

sms

Skolt Sami

sna

Shona

snd

Sindhi

snk

Soninke

sog

Sogdian

som

Somali

son

Songhai languages

sot

Sotho, Southern

spa

Spanish; Castilian

alb (B)

 

sqi (T)

Albanian

srd

Sardinian

srn

Sranan Tongo

srp

Serbian

srr

Serer

ssa

Nilo-Saharan languages

ssw

Swati

suk

Sukuma

sun

Sundanese

sus

Susu

sux

Sumerian

swa

Swahili

swe

Swedish

syc

Classical Syriac

syr

Syriac

tah

Tahitian

tai

Tai languages

tam

Tamil

tat

Tatar

tel

Telugu

tem

Timne

ter

Tereno

tet

Tetum

tgk

Tajik

tgl

Tagalog

tha

Thai

tib (B)

 

bod (T)

Tibetan

tig

Tigre

tir

Tigrinya

tiv

Tiv

tkl

Tokelau

tlh

Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol

tli

Tlingit

tmh

Tamashek

tog

Tonga (Nyasa)

ton

Tonga (Tonga Islands)

tpi

Tok Pisin

tsi

Tsimshian

tsn

Tswana

tso

Tsonga

tuk

Turkmen

tum

Tumbuka

tup

Tupi languages

tur

Turkish

tut

Altaic languages

tvl

Tuvalu

twi

Twi

tyv

Tuvinian

udm

Udmurt

uga

Ugaritic

uig

Uighur; Uyghur

ukr

Ukrainian

umb

Umbundu

und

Undetermined

urd

Urdu

uzb

Uzbek

vai

Vai

ven

Venda

vie

Vietnamese

vol

Volapük

vot

Votic

wak

Wakashan languages

wal

Wolaitta; Wolaytta

war

Waray

was

Washo

wel (B)

 

cym (T)

Welsh

wen

Sorbian languages

wln

Walloon

wol

Wolof

xal

Kalmyk; Oirat

xho

Xhosa

yao

Yao

yap

Yapese

yid

Yiddish

yor

Yoruba

ypk

Yupik languages

zap

Zapotec

zbl

Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss

zen

Zenaga

zgh

Standard Moroccan Tamazight

zha

Zhuang; Chuang

chi (B)

 

zho (T)

Chinese

znd

Zande languages

zul

Zulu

zun

Zuni

zxx

No linguistic content; Not applicable

zza

Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki

 

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